"It goes further than the Academy Awards; it goes back to the gatekeepers... We need the Rooney Rule; some type of rule. In the NFL, if a head coaching job opens up, or a senior executive position, you cannot hire anyone 'til you interview minority candidates, and that has increased the number of minority coaches and executives in the NFL, and that should be used (in the Academy)... We can't go to that old tired, 'Well, we can't find any qualified candidates' - that's B.S. (bulls**t)." Filmmaker Spike Lee advocates the implementation of some kind of affirmative action, like the Rooney Rule in America's National Football League, to ensure minority talent is not completely overlooked for future Oscar nominations following the lack of diversity among the top categories for 2016's ceremony.