The composer and musician, who founded Indiana University's jazz studies programme, died at his home in Bloomington, Indiana, on Saturday (26Mar16), the school said in a statement. His cause of death was not revealed.

"His influence permeates the teaching of jazz music around the globe," Tom Walsh, the current chair of the jazz studies programme, said. "His humour, his care for people and his great desire to share his knowledge and experience made him a magnet."

Baker penned more than 2,000 pieces of music during his prolific career, which also saw him nominated for a Grammy award in 1979 and a Pulitzer Prize in 1973.

He played the trombone until a car accident saw him suffer a jaw injury, leading to him turning to composing rather than playing. He later returned to the trombone, and featured on pianist Bill Evans' 1972 album Living Time.

Baker toured the world during his career as well, performing in countries in the United States and Europe, as well as in Japan, Australia and New Zealand. He also hit the road with Quincy Jones and his big band in 1960.

In 2000, Baker was named a National Endowment for the Arts Jazz Master - the highest jazz honour in the United States.