Vane also directed cult 1983 horror film Frightmare and 1989's Midnight, and wrote the screenplays for Richard Donner's 1970 movie Lola, starring Charles Bronson and Susan George.

Born in Brookhaven, New York, Vane first made his mark as a playwright - his first play, The Penguin, opened off-Broadway in 1952 to favourable reviews, and four years later he was on Broadway with Harbor Lights.

Vane also owned nightclubs in London and wrote articles for adult magazine Penthouse.

According to The Hollywood Reporter, he wed four times and had no children.