Record producer and musician Kim Fowley has lost his battle with cancer.

The former The Runaways svengali, who enjoyed success with a string of 1960s novelty tunes, was 75.

The son of actors Douglas Fowley and Shelby Payne, Fowley also managed young Phil Spector's band The Sleepwalkers, but he's perhaps best known for his work as the brains behind all-girl teen rock band The Runaways, which featured Joan Jett and Cherie Currie.

He recruited the bandmates after placing an ad in a Los Angeles fanzine in the mid-1970s.

After a troubled relationship with their manager, the members of The Runaways parted ways with Fowley in 1977.

He left America and headed for Australia, where he attempted to create a new Abba, and took over managerial duties for cult rockers The Innocents, while producing songs for guitarist Gilby Clarke's band Candy.

In recent years, Fowley has found success as a satellite radio personality and filmmaker, winning the Special Jury Prize at the 13th annual Melbourne Underground Film Festival for Golden Road to Nowhere and Black Room Doom in 2012, the year he also released the first part of his autobiography, entitled Lord of Garbage. He announced the second part would be released after his death.

He also produced hits for Warren Zevon, the Modern Lovers, Paul Revere and Soft MAChine, while co-writing tunes with Leon Russell and Alice Cooper.