The funnyman was in the middle of his routine at the Lensic Performing Arts Center in Sante Fe when Christian Englander hurled the fruit skin at the stage.
The peel struck Chappelle on his leg and the culprit attempted to run, before security guards tackled him and escorted him out of the venue. He was subsequently taken into custody by local police.
Englander, who appeared to be intoxicated, reportedly confessed to the incident and was booked for battery and disorderly conduct and held without bond.
Chappelle refused to let the incident disrupt his show - he continued on with his set and even joked about the attack.